Cybersecurity is one of the most important topics that all online businesses are concerned about. As business is strictly based on perception and any issue that shows compromised security of a website will act as a big dampener on the traffic of that website.
This, in turn, will impact the sales figure of the company adversely. If you are concerned about these issues and will like to take corrective steps, then we suggest that you take the help of a cybersecurity expert to improve the security features of your website and tighten any gaps that will enable hackers to target your website and steal data or money from it. Also, you can hire web development company to maintain your website and keep it safe.
1). Keep the software updated:
Keeping the software of your system updated is one of the most effective ways to improve cybersecurity. Whether it is the server software of the third-party software that you have installed on your website, you should always keep them updated. Any patches that are released for the third-party programs like CMS should be applied immediately.
These updates are actually being developed to plug some security gaps that the program might have which was only noticed later on.
2). SQL Injection:
Structured Query Language (SQL) is a command and control language for Microsoft SQL Server, Oracle, and MySQL. This kind of databases is actively used in the most web applications as back-end processing and content management system. This has made it a primary target for cyber attacks.
As any penetration in the SQL database will give hackers the powers to modify the website contents, stealing information. To compromise the system, hackers send viruses through several input channels that are not properly sanitized. To prevent such an attack on the website and other web-based applications experts performing cybersecurity jobs undertake a series of steps including:
⦁ Use comprehensive data sanitizing process
⦁ Employ web application firewall
⦁ Limit database privileges
⦁ Do not use SQL queries with user inputs
⦁ Regularly update your software
⦁ Do not allow error messages
3). Cross-Site Scripting (XSS):
You can also disallow any script that is not hosted on your domain through the XSS defender’s toolbox.
4). Do not give out too much information in error messages:
Experts in cyber security training inform the developers not to provide detailed information through the error messages.
Make sure that details are not shared through the error messages like API keys, database passwords or full exception details. These can be used by the hackers to make SQL injection.
When you are planning for validation make sure that it is done from both the server as well as the browser end. While at the browser side validation can be used to check whether all the fields are full or whether numerals are put in the place of text vice versa. However, these checks can be overcome by the hackers, therefore, stricter checks should be done on the server side.
If you do not provide the second layer of protection then it will leave the field open for the hackers to commit cyber crimes by inserting malicious codes into the website database.
6). Complex passwords to protect your data:
As the owner of an online company that regularly engages with customers for business purposes, you should insist on complex passwords. These should be a mixture of alphanumeric, lowercase/uppercase and special characters. The complex the password is the harder it will be for the hacker to break it.
As the owner of the website, you should also put very hard to break passwords on the server and the admin level. Passwords should be stored with hashed value. The use of hash will limit the damage in case any hacker manages to break the password.
7). File uploads:
Many websites encourage its users to upload files on their websites including text as well as image. However, uploads can be a cause of breaching your security. Hackers can use these uploads to launch crippling cyber attacks on your website. Therefore, to ensure that no malicious programs penetrate the system through this route, make sure that the server software does not open any executable file extension.
However, highly skilled hackers can beat this system also, therefore, you need to prevent direct uploads of files to the website. Make sure that the file uploaded stay in a secure folder outside the web root.
8). Using HTTPS:
Using the HTTPS guarantees that the user is actually interacting with the server that they have searched for.
Additionally, when a viewer is browsing an HTTPS website, then his interaction cannot be viewed by anybody else keeping his communication secret from the prying eyes.
9). One site one container:
Never try to host multiple sites on a single server. As this gives the hacker a big target to put his focus on.
If several sites are located on one server and one of them gets infected then the chances of the virus spreading to other websites increase tremendously.
10). Secure backups:
Backups are very important for the online businesses. In case there is an issue with the website (it gets corrupted), then having a backup ensures that you do not lose much and can start your operations quickly. However, keeping the backups on the same server as the website is a foolhardy exercise. Most of the time the backups will not have the latest security patches for your CMS. This will make them a sitting target for the hackers.
These are some of the methods that will allow you to keep your website safe. However, to get a comprehensive security cover you have to engage the services of a website security expert. Additionally, you should also follow the latest cyber safety news to ensure that your website is protected with the latest techniques.